The lecture Zoology deals with the various aspects around animals. The Institute of Immunology is responsible for lectures on the topics "Evolutionary development of domestic animals", "Genetic aspects of species formation in dependence of the biosphere", "Immune defence against pathogens".

Lecture Zoology

The lecture Zoology in the 1st semester is read by several lecturers from different institutes. The Institute of Immunology will participate with eight hours on the topics of evolution, genetics and different aspects of the immune response and immune evasion mechanisms of pathogens.

Since the winter semester 2019/20, the lecture Zoology has a new look. It has been revised from the ground up and the individual aspects have been dovetailed accordingly, so that something has been created here to make the animal comprehensible in its many facets. Speakers with different emphases complement each other in order to discuss these diverse aspects and bring them closer to the students. The Institute of Immunology is part of this lecture with the topics "Evolution and Genetics of Animals" and "Immunology".

The contents of these aspects of zoology are structured as follows

The animal in its natural environment - evolution and genetics from an ecological point of view (3 hours)

  • Development from wild animal to domestic animal, consideration of genetic and evolutionary processes of domestic animal development
  • The internal processes of change and adaptation of animals to their environment, including ecological aspects.
  • The intraspecific interactions for the selection and survival of individuals
  • The extra-species interactions to the selection and survival of individuals

The animal as habitat - Immunology (5 hours)

  • The innate humoral immune system
  • The cellular immune response with the focus on the innate immune response
  • Host-pathogen interactions using a viral infection as an example
  • Costs and benefits of defence against pathogens
  • Immunevasion mechanisms of different pathogen types

The animal in its natural environment - evolution and genetics under ecological aspects

  • Identify differences between natural and artificial selection
  • Being able to explain the development of species from wild to pet varieties in general
  • The development of
    • domestic horse
    • dog
    • domestic cat
    • domestic cattle
  • be able to describe in detail
  • Being able to explain genetic factors involved in evolutionary processes
  • Being able to name influences on the selection of characteristics
  • be able to define impacts on the individual through the intraspecific animated environment
  • be able to explain impacts on the individual through interactions with nonspecific individuals and groups as well as with the inanimate environment
  • Being able to explain co-evolutionary processes in a biocenosis
  • be able to describe the importance of evolutionary adaptation for the survival of pathogens

The animal as habitat - Immunology

  • Being able to describe the mechanisms of the innate humoral immune response
  • The function that places of education and induction of acute phase proteins can explain
  • Being able to explain the term opsonization and name effector functions
  • Being able to describe the complement reaction and its effector function
  • Being able to explain antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) and their place of formation
  • The recognition of pathogens by cells of the innate immune system and the consequences can describe
  • Being able to explain the cellular immune response to a viral infection
  • Being able to explain immunopathologies from the point of view of the cost-benefit analysis of an immune response
  • Being able to describe the benefits of an adequate immune response to a stimulus
  • Being able to identify and explain the immune evasion mechanisms of pathogen types

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