Students of veterinary medicine are offered innovative anatomical teaching in close cooperation with pre-clinical institutes and the faculty's clinics, whereby theoretical learning content can be directly linked to a clinical context. Also the anatomical preparation is still of great importance for the education, as it imparts decisive manual skills, anatomical knowledge as well as understanding for three-dimensional correlations of the body.
Overarching learning objectives for anatomical teaching in the 2nd, 3rd and 4th semester
At the end of the anatomical training:
- Students have a basic understanding of the functional clinical anatomy of domestic animals.
- Students can describe the structure of domestic mammals, pets, birds and reptiles and explain the function of the body's components.
- Students can orient themselves in the animal body as a basis for surgery, internal medicine and diagnostic imaging.
- Students can recognize normal structures and distinguish abnormal from normal in: Preparations, diagnostic images, histological preparations and live animals.
- Students can use medical terminology correctly in their professional verbal and written communication.
- Students have developed manual skills for the use of surgical instruments and master preparation techniques.
- Students can transfer and apply their anatomical knowledge and skills to clinical practice.
Learning objectives for teaching in histology and embryology 2nd, 3rd and 4th semester
At the Physikum, students will have a basic understanding of functional histology of tissues and microscopic anatomy of pets. Furthermore:
- Students can describe the structure of cells and tissues in the histological preparation and explain their function.
- Students can also apply their knowledge of microscopic anatomy to the teaching of macroscopic anatomy on anatomical specimens. The students are able to explain the hierarchical structure of the organism, cell, tissue, organ, animal body, functionally.
- Should students functionally describe histological preparations that have not been pathologically altered and distinguish them from pathohistological preaparates.
- Students have a basic understanding of the embryonic and fetal development of pets.
- Students have acquired a functional understanding of the placenta and organogenesis of pets.
- Students can apply their knowledge in the clinical part of their studies.
Integral components of the preparation exercises
Preparation of fresh and fixed animal bodies with the aim of studying and learning comparative functional anatomy. Demonstration and practice of basic surgical and other applied anatomical aspects and techniques on carcass material. Integration with diagnostic imaging, histology, clinical aspects and cases, and living animal anatomy.
Preparatory & preparation-accompanying audiovisual demonstrations in the preparation course:
- to give an overview and orientation for a structured and efficient handling of the preparation tasks.
- to make optimum use of time and material
- to structure the preparation process in advance and at any time during the preparation by means of specific visual instructions
- to integrate professional surgical skills and the use of instruments
Establishment of a solid anatomical basis for the interpretation of diagnostic images. Interpretation of normal images. To develop the ability to recognize normal structures in images and to distinguish abnormal from normal. Intensive use of disk specimens and CT and MRT images in the preparation course. Three-dimensional anatomical knowledge is transferred to 2-dimensional disc preparations and diagnostic images.
Direct transfer of the acquired anatomical knowledge to the living animal - the patient. Direct application and deepening of the anatomical knowledge on the living animal as part of the preparation course. Live animal palpation and case scenarios enable students to link and apply the basic functional anatomy to practical problems (clinical relevance).
Microscopy is performed in 4 quotas with 35 students each. The course instructor presents the histological specimens using a PC-controlled microscope. A monitor is available for 2 students each. For each course, a presentation of the microscope specimens created by the students is prepared and shown. These presentations are adjusted to the learning platform "moodle". Approximately 130 specimens are microscopied up to the Physicsum.
Students can independently microscope in the institute to prepare for the histology course or for certificates. Thanks to the web-based Live Imaging solution, the slides are also available at any time on the Central Teaching Platform "Core Unit Virtual Microscopy".